2. Wych elm – Ulmus glabra
3. Smooth leaved elm – Ulmus minor
Leaves of the English Elm
Pressed leaves of the English Elm
Full size English Elm
Elms were traditional in the English landscape until Dutch elm disease annihilated them and they are now mainly confined to Sussex were many still line streets and adorn gardens and parkland. Brighton and Eastbourne are particularly notable. Some specimens have survived in the colder northern part of England where the Dutch Elm Disease beetle has less ability to survive.
The oldest elms are considered to be the “Preston Park Twins” in Preston Park, Brighton each with a girth of 6m.
Dutch elm disease
Early symptoms are wilting and yellow of leaves in the summer that spreads throughout the crown. These leaves eventually dies back exposing twigs.
For more information go to The Great Elm Experiment – http://www.conservationfoundation.co.uk/